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What Is Spinal Tuberculosis?

Spinal Tuberculosis : Tuberculosis (TB) is a bacterial infection that can occur in any part of the body. It is most commonly spread through the air, but it can also be spread through contact with infected saliva, blood, or other bodily fluids. This can be fatal if not treated quickly and correctly.

In addition to being deadly, TB is highly infectious and can easily spread from person to person. Likewise is the condition of spinal tuberculosis. Spinal TB is a particularly dangerous form of TB that can spread to the brain and nervous system.

In this Artilce, we are discussing What is Spinal Tuberculosis in detail. Keep reading till the last to know about it. Along with that, do know about Dr. Himanshu Gupta (Spine Specialist)

He is one of the best doctors in Jaipur for Spinal Problems you can approach. He has been in this field for a very long time, and people can rely on him for treatment. Now let's discuss about this condition in detail!

What is Spinal Tuberculosis?

Spinal tuberculosis is a type of bacterial infection that can affect the spinal cord. It's most commonly contracted through inhalation of TB bacteria from the air, but it can also be contracted through contact with infected body fluids or tissue. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial for those with spinal TB, so doctors can treat the infection and prevent it from spreading to other parts of the body. This can cause paralysis and, in some cases, death. The disease is very serious and requires immediate treatment.

Symptoms of Spinal tuberculosis:

In this section, we will help you to know about the symptoms of spinal tuberculosis in detail:-

· Tenderness in the back area:

There is a great deal of tenderness in the back area that can be a symptom of spinal tuberculosis. The tenderness may feel like a pins and needles sensation, or it may radiate out from the back. Other symptoms of spinal tuberculosis may include fever, night sweats, weight loss, and fatigue. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, it is important to see your doctor for an evaluation.

· Spinal deformity:

Spinal deformity is a symptom that can be take place due to spinal tuberculosis. It can cause difficulty with breathing because the person's ribs may come in contact with their lungs. The person may also have trouble walking or moving their legs.

· Muscle spasms:

Though muscle spasms are often mistaken for other symptoms, such as a headache, they can be a sign of spinal tuberculosis. Spasms may occur due to the inflammation of the spine caused by the infection. Treatment of tuberculosis generally includes antibiotics and pain relief medication. In some cases, surgery may also be necessary to remove the infected material from the spine.

· Restricted motion of the spine:

Restricted motion of the spine is a common symptom of tuberculosis. This occurs when the tuberculosis bacteria spreads to and damages the spinal cord. The spinal cord controls many important functions, including movement. As a result, people with tuberculosis may experience difficulty moving their limbs or torso or even paralysis.

· Neurological deficits:

When people have spinal tuberculosis, their neurologic deficits may be a symptom of the disease. This can include problems with balance, coordination, and movement. These deficits can make it difficult for the person to perform everyday activities and can lead to complications if not treated.

What causes Spinal Tuberculosis?

Spinal tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by bacteria that reside in the lungs. In about 20% of cases, TB can spread to the spinal cord and cause serious damage or even death. The most common cause of respiratory TB is exposure to an infected person, but the disease can also be contracted through contact with contaminated objects or surfaces.

It is caused by the Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) bacterium. MTB can spread to the spine through contact with respiratory secretions, such as saliva or mucus, from an infected person.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis often attacks the myelin sheath, which covers the nerves in the spine. This can lead to permanent nerve damage and paralysis. In severe cases, spinal tuberculosis can also spread to other parts of the body.

Diagnosis of Spinal tuberculosis:

There are different Diagnostic techniques that doctors adopt in order to treat the condition of spinal tuberculosis. Some of the common diagnostic techniques are:

· X-ray:

The x-ray is in use to diagnose spinal tuberculosis. It is a painless procedure that can take place in a hospital or clinic x-ray room. The x-ray reveals if there is any damage to the spine due to tuberculosis. If there is damage, treatment for tuberculosis can begin.

· CT-Scan and MRI Scan:

CT scan and MRI scan are the two most common forms of diagnostic imaging in use to evaluate patients with suspected spinal tuberculosis (TB). CT scan is more accurate for detecting TB in the lower back, while an MRI scan is more accurate for detecting TB in the brain and spine. Both scans are in use to identify TB lesions, which are treatable with antibiotics.

· Biopsy:

A biopsy is an examination of tissue from a specific area for the presence of cancer. A spinal tuberculosis (TB) biopsy can help to determine if someone has the infection and whether it is spreading. TB is a serious medical condition that can cause serious health problems, including death. The biopsy is usually done by a doctor who is specially trained in diagnosing and treating TB.

· A blood test showing raised ESR and Mantoux test:

There are a few blood tests that help diagnose spinal tuberculosis (TB). One of these tests is the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), which is a measure of how fast red blood cells settle in a solution. The ESR may be elevated in people with TB, and a Mantoux test can also be done to check for the presence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria in the throat.

Treatment options for Spinal Tuberculosis:

There are many different treatment options for spinal tuberculosis, depending on the patient's symptoms, diagnosis and stage of the disease. Some patients may only need antibiotics to clear the infection, while others may require more extensive care, such as surgery.

Spinal tuberculosis is a highly infectious form of tuberculosis that affects the spinal cord. The disease take place due to the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis and can be fatal if not treated. It is important for individuals to reach out to the doctor timely because avoiding it can have a major impact on their quality of life. Be sure to let the doctor know about all the changes that you are experiencing at the time of diagnosis!


Q.1 - What is the treatment for TB spine?

Answer - If you are diagnosed with tuberculosis (TB), your doctor may recommend that you have TB spine surgery. The surgery involves removing part or all of the spine in order to treat the TB.

Q.2 - How do you get spinal tuberculosis?

Answer - There are many ways to get spinal tuberculosis, including breathing in the bacteria or droplets that are released when someone with TB coughs or sneezes. If you have symptoms of tuberculosis, such as a sore throat, fever, and chest pain, see your doctor as soon as possible for a diagnosis and treatment.

Q.3 - Can spinal TB cause death?

Answer - Spinal tuberculosis can be deadly if not treated quickly. If a person has spinal tuberculosis, the bacteria may spread to other parts of the body through the bloodstream and cause death.

Q.4 - Can spinal TB be cured without surgery?

Answer - Spinal tuberculosis (TB) is curable without surgery by using antibiotics. Many people with spinal TB are not aware they have the infection because it is difficult to see or feel the disease in the spine. In most cases, spinal TB is curable with antibiotics if diagnosis people get early.

Q.5 - How long does it take to cure spinal TB?

Answer - While there is no known cure for spinal TB, treatment options can effectively help improve the patient's quality of life. In some cases, complete resolution of symptoms may only take several months, while other patients may require longer periods of time to achieve full remission.

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