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What Is Nerve Compression In Back?

What is Nerve Compression in Back? : Nerve compression is a condition in which the nerves are compressed. This can be caused by a number of things, including tumours, injury, and disease. When nerve compression occurs, the nerves can't send messages to each other properly, which can cause pain and problems with movement. There are different causes of nerve compression, but the most common is injury. The pressure on the nerve can cause symptoms such as pain, weakness, and paralysis. There are a number of ways to diagnose nerve compression, and depending on the severity, treatment may involve surgery or medication.

In this article we will help you to learn more about what nerve compression in the back is so that you can get in touch with the doctor and get the treatment. Also, do know that Dr. Himanshu Gupta is one of the Best Spine Surgeon in Jaipur you can approach for treatment. He is among the best doctors for Brain & Spine Problems you can approach. Discuss with him about your condition so that starting the treatment will be easier for both. Now let’s discuss nerve compression in detail!

Symptoms of nerve compression in the back:

Symptoms of nerve compression in the back may include pain, numbness, tingling, or difficulty moving your arms or legs. In some cases, nerve compression can be signaled by a change in bowel or bladder function.

If you experience these symptoms, it is important to seek medical attention. A doctor may perform tests to determine the cause of nerve compression in the back and recommend treatments accordingly.

The causes of nerve compression in the back:

Nerve compression can occur when the spinal cord or nerves are compressed by something large and heavy, such as a tumor. Nerves can also be compressed by a herniated disc or other protrusion from the spine. Other causes of nerve compression include:

  • Spinal stenosis: When the narrow space between the vertebrae becomes too tight, pressure builds up on the spinal cord and nerves. This condition is most common in older adults and often results in decreased mobility, pain, and other symptoms.
  • Neurovascular compression: When blood flow to one or more nerve roots is blocked, compression can occur. This can be caused by tumors, an injury to the spinal cord or nerves, or a congenital abnormality (like birth defects in the spine).

If compression is severe enough, it can cause significant pain and disability. It's important to seek medical help if you experience back pain that seems to be increasing in intensity or severity. A doctor will likely perform an examination to determine the cause of your pain and may recommend specific treatments.

Diagnosis of nerve compression in back:

Whenever you reach out to your doctor for the diagnosis of nerve compression in your back, there are certain tests that he may consider. This includes:

· Physical examination:

The primary step that a doctor will take is a physical examination. They will ask you for certain signs and symptoms so that you can easily let them know what you are actually feeling. Sometimes it happens that you are experiencing back pain due to some postural changes. In that case, there is no need for you to go for any tests and some changes in your lifestyle can help. But through the physical examination, if they find out that there is something wrong with the back, they will definitely consider the imaging techniques.

· Imaging techniques:

Imaging techniques are also in consideration for finding out nerve compression in the back. Doctors primarily consider X-ray, CT scans, MRIs, and EMG. All these imaging techniques are helpful in finding out the symptoms that are causing pressure on the spinal nerve roots. These tests also help them to check if the condition is taking place due to some other condition like diabetes. The doctor will do a careful examination of the condition and then let you know what to do and what not to do.

Treatment for nerve compression in the back:

When exploring the treatment options for nerve compression in the back, it is important to understand the treatment is time-consuming and when you cannot expect results in a night. A person needs to be patient enough to follow all the tips and tricks and treatment options that the doctor suggests. The majority of the treatments that doctors consider include:

·  Time and rest:

First of all, the doctor suggests the patient do the rest. It is not easy for anyone to deal with such a condition. That's why you need to give time to yourself and rest as much as you can. In general, doctors suggest patients rest for almost 60-90 days so that there will be no problems and one can get rid of them as soon as possible.

·  Cold and hot therapy:

Cold and hot therapy is also in consideration if a person is dealing with swelling over the nerves. This is helpful in reducing the swelling and providing temporary relief to the patient. But be consistent with this temporary treatment as well, because, without it, you will find it difficult to engage in activities.

· Pain reliever:

Pain relievers are also a must for patients to take whenever they are dealing with nerve compression in the back. The pain is so serious that a patient is not in a state to manage it. In that case, to help a person, doctors suggest some corticosteroids and other pain relievers. After consuming this, they will be able to deal with it.

· Physical therapy:

The doctor also suggests physical therapy to all the patients around us. Physical therapy is important in maintaining mobility and helps an individual deal with the pain they are going through. Sometimes it happens that due to rest, stiffness takes place, and when a person is completely recovered, they are not in the state to move properly. To avoid such complications, the doctor suggests physical therapy, including physiotherapy, and performing some light exercises.

· Surgery:

If non-surgical treatments are not successful, the doctor suggests a patient go for surgery. Mostly, they consider anterior cervical discectomy and fusion and artificial disc replacement. All the surgical processes are successful at the present time. But one can not expect overnight results and they have to take rest for almost 3 to 9 months to get completely recovered.

Note: Nerve compression in the back is a serious problem and it is advisable to reach out to the doctor as soon as possible. If you are avoiding the condition, you are inviting problems for yourself. If you are experiencing any pain in your lower back, reach out to the doctor and let him know so that he can move ahead with the right treatment.


Q.1 - Is there any treatment available for nerve compression?

Answer - Treatment options are available for nerve compression, but it depends on the condition of the patient. If they are dealing with minor nerve compression, doctors suggest they take mild medications. But if it is serious, they go for surgery.

Q.2 - Are painkillers helpful in dealing with nerve pain?

Answer - Painkillers are helpful in dealing with nerve pain to an extent only. But if the nerve pain is happening due to nerve compression, some other treatment options are also necessary to consider.

Q.3 - Why do people majorly deal with nerve pain at night?

Answer - Nerve pain at night is so serious due to the fluctuation in the temperature of the body. It goes down a bit. This is responsible for interrupting the activity of the damaged nerves, due to which the sense of neuropathy increases.

Q.4 - How do neurologists treat nerve pain?

Answer - When you reach out to the neurologist for the treatment of nerve pain, they will consider multi-modal therapy. This includes medicine, physical therapy, psychological counseling, and sometimes surgery. They will also help you to understand the consequences of the treatment options so that there will be no problems later on.

Q.5 - Can nerve compression cause death?

Answer - Nerve compression is not responsible for causing death. But it can cause disability if a person have not go on for treatment. It is advisable to reach out the doctor and get the treatment.